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'1000projects.com' is an educational content website dedicated to finding and realizing Final Year Projects, Engineering Projects, Science Fair Projects, Project Topics, Project Ideas, Major Projects, Mini Projects, Paper Presentations, Presentation Topics, .Net Projects, Java Projects, PHP Projects, VB Projects, SQL Projects, C & DS Projects, C++ Projects, Perl Projects, ASP Projects, Delphi Projects, HTML Projects, Cold Fusion Projects, Java Script Projects, Btech Projects, BE Projects, MCA Projects, Mtech Projects, MBA Projects, Project on Software, CBSE Projects, Testing Projects, Embedded Projects, Chemistry Projects, Electronics Projects, Electrical Projects, Science Projects, Mechanical Projects, Mba project Reports, Placement papers, Sample Resumes, Entrance Exams, Technical Faq's, Puzzles, etc

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HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. HTML is the basic building-blocks of webpages.

HTML is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags, enclosed in angle brackets, within the web page content. HTML tags normally come in pairs like The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag (they are also called opening tags and closing tags). In between these tags web designers can add text, tables, images, etc..

The purpose of a web browser is to read HTML documents and compose them into visual or audible web pages. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page.

HTML elements form the building blocks of all websites. HTML allows images and objects to be embedded and can be used to create interactive forms. It provides a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes and other items. It can embed scripts in languages such as JavaScript which affect the behavior of HTML webpages.

Web browsers can also refer to Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to define the appearance and layout of text and other material. The W3C, maintainer of both the HTML and the CSS standards, encourages the use of CSS over explicitly presentational HTML markup.


The World Wide Web is composed primarily of HTML documents transmitted from web servers to web browsers using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). However, HTTP is used to serve images, sound, and other content, in addition to HTML. To allow the Web browser to know how to handle each document it receives, other information is transmitted along with the document. This meta data usually includes the MIME type and the character encoding (see Character encoding in HTML).

In modern browsers, the MIME type that is sent with the HTML document may affect how the document is initially interpreted. A document sent with the XHTML MIME type is expected to be well-formed XML; syntax errors may cause the browser to fail to render it. The same document sent with the HTML MIME type might be displayed successfully, since some browsers are more lenient with HTML.

The W3C recommendations state that XHTML 1.0 documents that follow guidelines set forth in the recommendation's Appendix C may be labeled with either MIME Type. The current XHTML 1.1 Working Draft also states that XHTML 1.1 documents should be labeled with either MIME type.

Most graphical email clients allow the use of a subset of HTML (often ill-defined) to provide formatting and semantic markup not available with plain text. This may include typographic information like coloured headings, emphasized and quoted text, inline images and diagrams. Many such clients include both a GUI editor for composing HTML e-mail messages and a rendering engine for displaying them. Use of HTML in e-mail is controversial because of compatibility issues, because it can help disguise phishing attacks, because it can confuse spam filters and because the message size is larger than plain text.

Naming conventions

The most common filename extension for files containing HTML is .html. A common abbreviation of this is .htm, which originated because some early operating systems and file systems, such as DOS and FAT, limited file extensions to three letters. HTML Application

An HTML Application is a Microsoft Windows application that uses HTML and Dynamic HTML in a browser to provide the application's graphical interface. A regular HTML file is confined to the security model of the web browser, communicating only to web servers and manipulating only webpage objects and site cookies. An HTA runs as a fully trusted application and therefore has more privileges, like creation/editing/removal of files and Windows Registry entries. Because they operate outside the browser's security model, HTAs cannot be executed via HTTP, but must be downloaded and executed from local file system.

* ADDRESS - Address information

* APPLET - Java applet

* AREA - Hotzone in imagemap

* A - Anchor

* BASE - Document location

* BASEFONT - Default font size

* BIG - Larger text

* BLOCKQUOTE - Large quotation

* BODY - Document body

* BR - Line break

* B - Bold

* CAPTION - Table caption

* CENTER - Centered division

* CITE - Short citation

* CODE - Code fragment

* DD - Definition

* DFN - Definition of a term

* DIR - Directory list

* DIV - Logical division

* DL - Definition list

* DT - Definition term

* EM - Emphasized text

* FONT - Font modification

* FORM - Input form

* H1 - Level 1 header

* H2 - Level 2 header

* H3 - Level 3 header

* H4 - Level 4 header

* H5 - Level 5 header

* H6 - Level 6 header

* HEAD - Document head

* HR - Horizontal rule

* HTML - HTML Document

* IMG - Images

* INPUT - Input field, button, etc.

* ISINDEX - Primitive search

* I - Italics

* KBD - Keyboard input

* LINK - Site structure

* LI - List item

* MAP - Client-side imagemap

* MENU - Menu item list

* META - Meta-information

* OL - Ordered list

* OPTION - Selection list option

* PARAM - Parameter for Java applet

* PRE - Preformatted text

* P - Paragraph

* SAMP - Sample text

* SCRIPT - Inline script

* SELECT - Selection list

* SMALL - Smaller text

* STRIKE - Strikeout

* STRONG - Strongly emphasized

* STYLE - Style information

* SUB - Subscript

* SUP - Superscript

* TABLE - Tables

* TD - Table cell

* TEXTAREA - Input area

* TH - Header cell

* TITLE - Document title

* TR - Table row

* TT - Teletype

* UL - Unordered list

* U - Underline

* VAR - Variable

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